Effects of volatile compounds on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep

TitleEffects of volatile compounds on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsEstell RE, Fredrickson E.L., Tellez M.R., Havstad K, Shupe, W. Larry, Anderson D.M., Remmenga M.D.
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Date Published1998
Keywordsdiets, intake, sheep, terpenoids

We examined the effects of six volatile compounds on alfalfa pellet consumption by lambs. In each experiment, 45 lambs were individually fed alfalfa pellets sprayed with a selected compound (camphor, limonene, cts-jasmone, â -caryophyllene, borneol, or -pinene) at one of five concentrations. Treatment concentrations were multiples (0, .5, 1, 2, and 10) of the concentration of a specific compound (X) that was related to differential herbivory of tarbush by livestock in previous studies. Treatments were applied to alfalfa pellets (.64 kg-lamb^-d"1, DM basis), and consumption was measured during a 20-min interval each morning for 5 d. Lambs were adapted to handling procedures and the pelleted diet (without treatments) for 10 d, Lambs were maintained and fed (approximately 4.5 to 5% of BW as one group except during 20-min tests. A negative linear effect of treatment concentrations on intake was observed for camphor (P <.02) -pinene (P< .01), and a quadratic response was detected for borneol (P <.02). The other three compounds had no discernible effect on consumption. Although volatile compounds generally had only minor influences on consumption, the negative influences of -pinene and camphor concentrations on pellet consumption suggest that these monoterpenes may partially explain differential herbivory of individual tarbush plants by livestock.